Scientific Journal

‘илософские науки
Towards a new worldview. Revision of rationalism in the philosophy of Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger


Abstract In the article the author analyses the key works of M.Heidegger and E.Husserl, identifies the transformations of rationalism observed in these works, and conducts a comparative analysis of the concepts of these philosophers as a whole. The field that phenomenology explores is a new field, and therefore does not have a noncontradictory formed categorical apparatus of philosophy. That is why the difficulty lies in the understanding of the problems raised by E.Husserl and solved by his followers. However, we are talking about our consciousness, about whether we know what our consciousness is, whether we can understand another person who is endowed with the same consciousness (or not?), and if we do not understand the other, then what exactly we do not understand, what in fact we cannot realize with our consciousness, and whether we are capable of using it. Nowadays there is a global problem of searching for a new worldview as a necessary condition for a new era in human development. People criticize and rethink the constants of the old worldview - rationalism and anthropocentrism. In this regard, the researchers turn to the problem of the existent individual, who is able to enter into genuine communication, within which he is able to preserve his own individuality.

Keywords: anthropocentrism, rationalism, worldview, existentialism, Keywords Phenomenology